A social enterprise, which incorporates a business scheme in its system and tries to address significant social issue, is emerging globally in general and in its infant stage in Laos in particular. It is assumed that the social entrepreneurship concept is very new and its potential has not yet been explored in Laos. Therefore, this paper focuses on examining the emergence of social Entrepreneurship; its environment (political, legal, social-cultural, economics, and education environment); attitudes of the social entrepreneurs, and subsequently, the prospective social entrepreneurship development. The research method is conducted through in-depth interviews with existing social entrepreneurs in Vientiane Capital and Champasack Province. The concept covers supporting environment, types of social entrepreneurs, personal attributes and skills, enterprise activities, and method of training social entrepreneurs. The results shows that the supporting environment (insufficient support legally, socially, economically, financially) are evidenced. Personal intent, attribute, and skills are also limited in the Lao context; and the context in which social entrepreneurs serves is very narrow. The existing social entrepreneurs provide good guidelines and recommendations for preparing education program for prospective social entrepreneurs.
The Lao PDR is multi-ethnic groups and cultural diversity country. The government of Lao PDR reserves this multi-ethnic and diversity as the core economic development. The beliefs of Lao vary from one group (geographic and demographic) to another throughout the country. The comparative analyses of factors: religions, beliefs, myths, culture, level of economic development, business development, natural resource use, and education, influencing the business managementhas never been carried out in Laos. Thus, this study aims at firstly examining to what extent and how background beliefs affect the business practices. Secondly, the research attempts to identify whether one groupbeliefs nurture the characteristics associated with entrepreneurship more than others. Finally, the paper analyzes the degree of respects to successful entrepreneurs in certain ethnic beliefs. Samplesare selected in different domain(District level, provincial level, and capital city level) and also classified in terms of demography. Source of belief, if it is human, are also interviewed. The results shows that astrological belief and religion is greatly influencing the livelihood of people in the society; including business practices, which have been mainly influenced by management science, human resource management, economics, psychology, and other. In business practices, the entrepreneurs who need to make decision consider the uncertainty and problems. They decide the solution option from many alternatives which have been analyzed and think that which alternative is the best one. Astrological, religious, and animism belief is one option that the entrepreneurs choose to support their confidence in the case of risky decision making in business practices, as has been seen from entrepreneurs checking appropriate timing with fortune tellers, monks, or clan leaders.From various phenomena that have been explained by the source of belief (astrological and/or religious) and entrepreneurs, the belief enhances confidence and sometimes resulted in miracle outcome. The results, nevertheless, show that different groups of people have different level of religious and astrological practices, both in geography and demography.
The purpose of this research to study and compare the satisfaction of learners towards the English learning and teaching management in the Department of Geography and GIS, Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Laos.
In this research, the data is collected from both primary and secondary data. For the raw data the questionnaire was used to collect data from 152 students and then all the data is revised before analyzing. Moreover, secondary data is also collected from library and internet. Inaddition, SSPSS program for window was used order to analyze the data as Frequencies, percent, mean (X ̅), standard deviation (S.D) and compare mean. All of these use to analysis genders; grades and provinces by consider finding mean in midpoint of score’s and class interval.
This paper presents simulation of components of solar hybrid fish dryer, which main components consist of solar collector, latent heat thermal storage, auxiliary heater, and heat exchanger. The capacity of the drying system is for 23kg of anchovy-fish. The solar collector (CPC21 type) having total aperture area is 12.88m2, equipped with a thermal storage charged with capacity of PCM (Paraffin) of approximately 78kg. An auxiliary hot water heater is installed and used in order to provide heat to the drying system when solar thermal energy is not adequate or not available. The purpose of simulation program of the drying system’s components is to develop a simulation of solar hybrid drying system for drying of fish. Thus, the calculation of outlet condition of each component in the system must be firstly developed. After that, the outlet air condition of heat exchanger or inlet air condition of a drying chamber using for drying process. Finally, the simulation of solar collector, latent heat thermal storage, hot water heater, and heater exchanger and simulation of their combination are conducted. The simulation results are compared to the experimental results based on the varying of ambient air conditions. The difference between simulation and experimental results are within 10%.
This paper investigates the impacts ofemerging Chinese outward investments into developing countries through a case study of Laos, a country where China’s FDI has played a key role in economic development since early 2000s. The main focus of the paper is on an analysis of agricultural transformation and rural livelihood using a field survey conducted in Oudomxay Province, Northern Laos in 2009. The results suggest that there is evidence of significant impacts of Chinese investments on the widening of income gap. Uneven development among households and villages is fundamentally embedded in the starting period and the diversification level of trading with Chinese merchants.
A new solar collector that has copper tube is put over the steel plate with U shape and combination of solar boosted heat pump was proposed. Characteristic and performance of the solar collector were examined experimentally.
- Current situation of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) sector in Lao PDR with special emphasis on the education of vocational teachers
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